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当前位置: 首页 > 试卷资源 > 2017年广东省广州市普通高中毕业班综合测试(一)英语

2017年广东省广州市普通高中毕业班综合测试(一)英语

试卷类型:模拟联考 | 适用省份:广东省 | 试卷年份:2018年 | 上传日期:2019/01/02 | 题数:72
第一部分(选择题)
一、阅读理解

  Inside the Rain Room

The Rain Room has arrived and local art lovers are taking notice. Is it worth the wait? Yes, I assure you it is. Once inside, visitors find a long, dark room with a high ceiling. A single bright light shines through heavy rain falling around visitors. The mist. The damp air. The noise. It feels like a mighty storm pouring down, but the storm is inside, and visitors aren’t getting wet. Instead, visitors wander in awe, admiring the rain and the artists who created it.

The Rain Room was created to highlight the connection between humans, nature and technology. With a tracking system that senses movement and stops the rain wherever visitors move, it does just that. Light and sound produce an experience that feels both natural and foreign. The exhibit is moving on to Atlanta next month. I urge you to visit before then. It’s time to experience the Rain Room for yourself!

Welcome to the Rain Room

•The Rain Room features falling water. Please be aware you may get slightly wet. However, visitors wearing raincoats will be turned away.

•This exhibit features advanced technology. To ensure its effectiveness, please avoid wearing dark or reflective clothing.

•Visitors are welcome to take photographs of the exhibit.

•Children must be accompanied by an adult.

•For the convenience of all guests, visits are limited to 10 minutes.

1.What’s the purpose of the text?

A.To attract visitors to a new art exhibit.

B.To explain how an exhibit has been created.

C.To describe the technology used in the exhibit.

D.To promote the artists taking part in an exhibit.

2.What’s the function of the exhibit’s tracking system?

A.To keep visitors from getting wet.

B.To protect the exhibit from water damage.

C.To time how long visitors are in the room.

D.To count the number of visitors in the room.

3.What must you do when visiting the Rain Room?

A.Wear a raincoat.

B.Wear dark clothing.

C.Leave your camera outside.

D.Pass through within 10 minutes.

  Dujiangyan is the oldest man-made water system in the world, and a wonder in the development of Chinese science. Built over 2,200 years ago in what is now Sichuan Province in Southwest China, this amazing engineering achievement is still used today to irrigate over 6,000 square kilometres of farmland, take away floodwater and provide water for 50 cities in the province.

  In ancient times, the region in which Dujiangyan now stands suffered from regular floods caused by overflow from the Minjiang River. To help the victims of the flooding, Li Bing, the region’s governor, together with his son, decided to find a solution. They studied the problem and discovered that the river most often overflowed when winter snow at the top of the nearby Mount Yulei began to melt as the weather warmed.

  The simplest fix was to build a dam, but this would have ruined the Minjiang River. So instead, Li designed a series of channels built at different levels along Mount Yulei that would take away the floodwater while leaving the river flowing naturally. Better still, the extra water could be directed to the dry Chengdu Plain, making it suitable for farming.

  Cutting the channels through the hard rock of Mount Yulei was a remarkable accomplishment as it was done long before the invention of gunpowder and explosives. Li Bing found another solution. He used a combination of fire and water to heat and cool the rocks until they cracked and could be removed. After eight years of work, the 20-metre-wide canals were carved through the mountain.

Once the system was finished, no more floods occurred and the people were able to live peacefully and affluently. Today, Dujiangyan is admired by scientists from around the world because of one feature — unlike modern dams where the water is blocked with a huge wall, Dujiangyan still lets water flow through the Minjiang River naturally, enabling ecosystems and fish populations to exist in harmony.

4.What are the benefits of Dujiangyan according to the first paragraph?

A.Reducing flooding and watering farmland.

B.Protecting the mountain and reducing flooding.

C.Watering farmland and improving water quality.

D.Drying the river and supplying cities with water.

5.What was the main cause of the Minjiang River’s flooding?

A.Heavy rain.

B.Melting snow.

C.Low river banks.

D.Steep mountains.

6.How was Li Bing able to break the rocks of Mount Yulei?

A.By using gunpowder.

B.By flooding the rocks with water.

C.By applying a heating and cooling technique.

D.By breaking the rocks with hammers and spades.

7.Why is Dujiangyan greatly admired by scientists today?

A.It preserves much of the natural river life.

B.It took very little time to complete the project.

C.The building techniques used were very modern.

D.It has raised the living standard of the local people.

  Bill Gates recently predicted that online learning will make place-based colleges less significant, and five years from now, students will be able to find the best lectures in the world online. I applaud Mr. Gates. But what’s taking us so long?

  As early as 1997, MIT(麻省理工学院) decided to post videos of all university lectures online, for free, for all people. But today, how many students have you met who mastered advanced mathematics or nuclear physics from MIT online videos? Unfortunately, the answer is not many.

  The problem is the poor quality of online education websites and the experience they provide to students. Those who go to the MIT website and watch courses online are surely very smart people, but it’s not like playing a video game such as World of Warcraft. Only the most ardent students, those who are highly motivated, will devote themselves to studying these boring online videos.

  The real question is why we aren’t spending more to develop better online education platforms. Where is the "Avatar" of education? Think about this. The market for Hollywood films per year is worth around USD 30 billion. Education in the world is a trillion-dollar-a-year market, hundreds of times bigger than Hollywood movies. Yet the most expensive digital learning system ever built cost well under 100 million dollars.

Bill Gates’ prediction is going to happen. There is no doubt about it. But it will only happen when we create high-level educational content and experiences that engage and excite more than has ever been possible in the real world.

8.What has Bill Gates forecast about online learning?

A.It will concentrate on physics lectures.

B.It will completely replace real universities.

C.It will help to make universities more successful.

D.It will play an increasingly important role in education.

9.What does the underlined word "ardent" in Paragraph 3 mean?

A.Creative.

B.Enthusiastic.

C.Well-behaved.

D.Experienced.

10.According to the author, what is holding back the popularity of online learning?

A.The lack of lectures available online.

B.The high cost of access to the websites.

C.The low standard of educational websites.

D.The competition with online computer games.

11.Why does the author mention Hollywood?

A.To show that Hollywood produces many successful movies.

B.To prove that education is more profitable than entertainment.

C.To argue that movie directors should produce educational content.

D.To urge that more money be spent developing education websites.

  Persuasion is the art of convincing someone to agree with you. According to the ancient Greeks, there are three basic tools of persuasion: ethos, pathos, and logos.

  Ethos is a speaker’s way of convincing the audience that she is trustworthy, honest and reliable. One common way a speaker can develop ethos is by explaining how much experience or education she has in the field. After all, you’re more likely to listen to advice about how to take care of your teeth from a dentist than a fireman. A speaker can also create ethos by convincing the audience that she is a good person. If an audience cannot trust you, you will not be able to persuade them.

  Pathos is a speaker’s way of connecting himself with an audience’s emotions. For example, a politician who is trying to convince an audience to vote for him might say that he alone can save the country from a terrible war. These words are intended to fill the audience with fear, thus making them support him. Similarly, an animal charity might show an audience pictures of injured dogs and cats, to make the viewers feel pity. If the audience feels bad about the animals, they will be more likely to donate money.

Logos is the use of facts, statistics, or other evidence to support your argument. An audience will be more likely to believe you if you have convincing data to back up your claims. Presenting this evidence is much more persuasive than simply saying "believe me".
Although ethos, pathos, and logos all have their strengths, they are often most effective when used together. Indeed, most speakers use a combination of ethos, pathos, and logos to persuade their audiences. So, next time you listen to a speech, watch a commercial, or listen to a friend trying to convince you to lend him some money, be on the lookout for these ancient Greek tools of persuasion.

12.Why does the author say persuasion is an art?

A.It entertains the audience.

B.It requires great skill to achieve.

C.It demands full attention from the audience.

D.It is all common topics of ancient Greek writers.

13.How is a speaker able to show her ethos to the audience?

A.By expressing her sympathy with the audience.

B.By telling the audience about her personal preference.

C.By using beautiful language to make her statements attractive.

D.By showing her knowledge and experience relating to the topic.

14.What can we learn about the three methods of persuasion?

A.Ethos is the most important method of persuasion.

B.Each method has a different effect on the audience.

C.Honesty is the key to making your arguments believable.

D.Political leaders mostly use pathos to persuade their audiences.

15.An advertisement for washing powder which claims that "scientific tests show that our powder kills 95% of all bacteria" is mainly using     .

A.ethos

B.pathos

C.logos

D.a combination of all three

二、七选五

We’ve all experienced peer pressure (同伴压力). It happens to everybody. However, people have different reactions. Confident people refuse to do things they don’t want to do, but shy and anxious people often give in. It may be because they want to be liked. It may be because they worry that their friends will make fun of them, or perhaps they’re just curious about trying something new.   16 

It’s hard being the only one who says no and the question is: how do you do it?   17 If you think that missing maths, or smoking, or going somewhere you know your parents wouldn’t like is a bad idea then the answer is simple: don’t do it. It’s your decision, nobody else’s. You don’t need to be aggressive. You don’t need to shout and scream, but you must be confident and you must be firm. You need to say, "No thanks. I don’t want to do that."

Being on your own against everybody else is very hard, so it can really help to have at least one other peer, or friend, who will say no too.  18 You want friends who will support you when you’re in trouble. You don’t want people who will always agree with the majority. Remember, the most popular people aren’t always the most trustworthy.

 19 You can learn a lot from people of your own age. They can teach you great football skills or the best way to do your maths homework. They can recommend music and advise you on fashion. And don’t forget you can tell them things too, and that always feels great. So, find friends who have similar interests. And remember, friendship isn’t about feeling depressed and guilty.   20 

A. Choose your friends carefully.

B. Firstly, you must decide what you believe in.

C. It’s about sharing experiences and having fun.

D. Of course, peer pressure isn’t completely bad.

E. It may be because they were all born to be stubborn.

F. Depression and guilt will surely give you peer pressure.

G. Whatever the reason, some people end up doing things they really don’t want to do.

三、完形填空

  Sarah lived on a farm with her family. She was  21 to learn to track, to identify each person and where they were going by the marks they left on the ground. And if her father couldn’t teach her, she’d teach herself.

  To the  22 of her family, she borrowed all their   23 and taught herself to recognize everyone’s footprints in the sand. More than once her father came outside shouting, "Sarah, bring me   24 my boots."

  Sarah developed the habit of walking around with her eyes fixed on the ground,   25 the comings and goings of every   26 in the place.

  She also developed the annoying habit of  27 everyone. "What were you doing down at the dam, Jack? You’re not   28 to play there." "Did you find what you were   29 in the garage, Auntie?" and "Who was the stranger visiting today wearing size ten boots, Mum?"

  After she’d  30 every pair of shoes that everyone   31 , she turned to the farm’s animals. By this time   32 her victims had to admit,   33 , that she was good.

  Her best   34 came one evening when she said the horse’s front foot was   35 . Her father said that the horse was   36 fine. Sarah   37 that its hoof(蹄) had a split. Sarah’s father   38 the horse’s hoof.

  "You’re   39 . The hoof is split. How did you know?"

  "You can see it in its   40 ." Sarah moved the horse away. "Look, it’s plain in the sand."

"If you can tell it has a split hoof from that sand, you’re pretty good," said her father.

21.

A.determined

B.forced

C.appointed

D.encouraged

22.

A.expectation

B.annoyance

C.disappointment

D.delight

23.

A.shoes

B.books

C.socks

D.tools

24.

A.up

B.outside

C.over

D.back

25.

A.guiding

B.hearing

C.studying

D.predicting

26.

A.vehicle

B.person

C.animal

D.season

27.

A.surprising

B.criticising

C.questioning

D.challenging

28.

A.prepared

B.invited

C.qualified

D.allowed

29.

A.calling for

B.looking for

C.waiting for

D.fighting for

30.

A.worn

B.collected

C.destroyed

D.memorised

31.

A.owned

B.borrowed

C.tried

D.bought

32.

A.yet

B.even

C.also

D.still

33.

A.guiltily

B.approvingly

C.merrily

D.unwillingly

34.

A.performance

B.trick

C.magic

D.idea

35.

A.tied

B.lost

C.injured

D.stolen

36.

A.safely

B.normally

C.hardly

D.perfectly

37.

A.doubted

B.wondered

C.insisted

D.discovered

38.

A.inspected

B.split

C.treated

D.fastened

39.

A.lying

B.joking

C.right

D.crazy

40.

A.boots

B.tracks

C.jumps

D.hoofs

四、听力

41.

What time is it?

A.7:20.

B.7:00.

C.6:40.

42.

Why has the man moved to New York?

A.To live near his workplace.

B.To look after his parents.

C.To receive an education.

43.

What does the woman ask the man to do?

A.Focus on his homework.

B.Turn the radio off.

C.Turn the TV down.

44.

How much will the woman pay for the two tickets?

A.$510.

B.$340.

C.$170.

45.

Who won the tennis match last Saturday?

A.Joseph.

B.Adam.

C.Jack.

听材料,回答问题。

46.What will the woman do on her birthday?

A.Work on her paper.

B.Go out for a meal.

C.Go to see a film.

47.When does Dr. Smith require the speakers to hand in their papers?

A.Before this Wednesday.

B.Before this Thursday.

C.Before this Sunday.

听材料,回答问题。

48.Why does the woman want the man to go to bed immediately?

A.He has studied too long.

B.He will have an exam tomorrow.

C.He need review lessons in the early morning.

49.What subject is the man good at?

A.Math.

B.Physics.

C.Chemistry.

听材料,回答问题。

50.When does this restaurant stop serving dinner?

A.9 pm.

B.10 pm.

C.11 pm.

51.How many people will come with the woman for dinner?

A.Three.

B.Four.

C.Five.

52.Where does the woman want to sit?

A.By the window.

B.Near the door.

C.By the passageway.

听材料,回答问题。

53.Why did the woman take her first job?

A.To pay her school fees.

B.To support her family.

C.To gain some working experience.

54.What was the best part of working in the cake shop for the woman?

A.Learning to make cakes.

B.Enjoying the fragrant smell.

C.Tasting the wonderful cakes.

55.What’s the woman’s second job?

A.A waitress.

B.A doctor.

C.A teacher.

56.What does the man think of the woman’s project?

A.Demanding.

B.Rewarding.

C.Challenging.

听材料,回答问题。

57.What competition did the speaker take part in?

A.The bicycle race.

B.The high jump.

C.The long jump.

58.Which class won the tug-of-war?

A.Class Three.

B.Class Two.

C.Class One.

59.Who got hurt in the 400-meter race?

A.Maria.

B.Frank.

C.Lisa.

60.How did the students feel about the sports meeting?

A.Boring.

B.Thrilling.

C.Disappointing.

第二部分(非选择题)
五、语法填空

The Language of Love

Music is a universal language, which has the most powerful magic in the world. Music is a sweet language to show love to those who love us and those who   61 (love) by us. Music is also a friendly language for unfamiliar people to show kindness. It is living everywhere and all the time in our daily life.

I learned this while   62 (take) care of a seagull unfortunate enough to swallow a hook( 挂钩 ). After calling the wildlife rescue center and learning that all its   63 (vehicle) were out on other business, I carefully   64 (wrap) the wild bird in a towel and carried him to my friend’s car. The only way   65 (keep) him calm was by singing. For 30 minutes, I sang   66 (soft) to the small creature until finally delivering him   67 those who could help. I’m not certain   68 happened afterward, but for that brief period, we two vastly different species connected, bridging   69 gap between us through songs.

 70 doesn’t matter whether there will be difficulties in communication,for love is always the theme of each piece of music.

六、短文改错

71.

Getting rid of the bad habit of procrastination(拖延症) is now my goal in life. My first step was to set small targets what can be reached realistically. For example, I plan to set a timetable for my study. So after school, I will put finishing homework in the last place. Additionally, I will make a list of my important task including their due dates but follow my schedule strictly. I will avoid find excuses for putting them off. At same time, I will ask for my friends and parents to help me. By achieving this small targets, I have confident that I will overcome procrastination.

七、书面表达

72.

假定你是李华。你是学生会主席。你校将于5月25—30日在广州沙面举行龙舟赛 (Dragon Boat Race)。请根据以下内容给姐妹学校剑桥中学(Cambridge High School)写一封邀请信:

(1)写信目的;

(2)活动时间、地点和意义;

(3)回复时间:2017年4月15日前。

注意:1.词数100左右;

2.可以适当增加细节, 以使行文连贯。