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来源:2018年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试英语·江苏卷

How Arts Promote Our Economy

When most people think of the arts, they imagine the end product, the beautiful painting, a wonderful piece of music, or an award-winning performance in the theater. But arts groups bring broader value to our communities. The economic impact of the arts is often overlooked and badly judged.

The arts create jobs that help develop the economy. Any given performance takes a tour bus full of artists, technical experts, managers, musicians, or writers to create an appealing piece of art. These people earn a living wage for their professional knowledge and skills.

Another group of folks is needed to help market the event. "If you build it they will come" is a misleading belief. Painters, digital media experts, photographers, booking agents and promoters are hired to sell tickets and promote the event. According to the Dallas Area Cultural Advocacy Coalition, arts agencies employ more than 10,000 people as full- or part-time employees or independent contractors.

A successful arts neighborhood creates a ripple effect (连锁反应) throughout a community. In 2005, when the Bishop Arts Theatre was donated to our town, the location was considered a poor area of town. After investing more than $1 million in reconstructing the building, we began producing a full season of theater performances, jazz concerts, and year-round arts education programs in 2008. Nearly 40 percent of jazz lovers live outside of the Dallas city limits and drive or fly in to enjoy an evening in the Bishop Arts District.

No doubt the theater has contributed to the area’s development and economic growth. Today,there are galleries, studios, restaurants and newly built work spaces where neighbors share experiences, where there is renewed life and energy. In this way, arts and culture also serve as a public good.

TeCo Theatrical Productions Inc. made use of Bloomberg’s investment of $35,000 to get nearly $400,000 in public and private sector support during the two-year period. Further, Dallas arts and arts-based businesses produce $298 for every dollar the city spends on arts programming and facilities. In Philadelphia, a metro area smaller than Dallas, the arts have an economic impact of almost $3 billion and support 44,000 jobs, 80 percent of which actually lie outside the arts industry,including accountants, marketers, construction workers, hotel managers, printers, and other kinds of art workers.

The arts are efficient economic drivers and when they are supported, the entire small-business community benefits.

It is wrong to assume arts groups cannot make a profit. But in order to stay in business, arts groups must produce returns. If you are a student studying the arts, chances are you have been ill-advised to have a plan B. But those who truly understand the economic impact and can work to change the patterns can create a wide range of career possibilities.

Arts as an economic driver

Our communities  1 from arts in terms of economy.

 2 of arts’ promoting our economy

Arts activity demands a(n)  3 effort. It involves creation,performance, and  4 .

◆Artists make a living through their creative work.

◆Others get paid by marketing the event.

Arts have a gradually spreading  5 . They could help promote other industries whether they lie inside or outside arts.

◆Besides tickets, some jazz lovers will pay their  6 to and from the events.

◆Arts contribute to cultural development when people gather together to share their experience and renew their energy.

Investment in arts could produce potential  7 economic results.

◆TeCo used a $35,000 art investment to attract an overall support of $400,000.

◆In Dallas, one dollar invested in arts could harvest an extraordinary return of nearly $300.

◆In Philadelphia the arts have created about 35,000 job opportunities for workers  8 arts industry.

Art students making a good living

With these  9 in mind, art students need not worry about their career and have a(n)  10 plan.

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A teen who thinks he is being spied or snooped(窥探) on will just refuse to tell you some dangerous and harmful information. An open environment, however, will go a lot further in making you get along well with your child in a healthy way. Therefore, as a parent of a teenager, you are supposed to try your best to keep a balance between letting your child have independence and keeping a close eye on him. Anyhow, a teenager deserves a little privacy and you should give him some.

In fact there are many ideas that can prevent your child feeling you’re always snooping on him. For example, going into your teen’s room to put away clothes, pick up dirty clothes and complete other chores isn’t snooping — but you need to make that fact clear to your child regularly, too. The key is for both of you to be on the same page about what privacy your teen has the right to have and what information and activities you’ll regularly want to know. Also, let him know that if "private" material is left out in the open, it is possible that everyone in the family can see or read it.

The common reason for snooping is because you think that there is something going on with your teen that he doesn’t want you to know about. Rather than spying, though, start a conversation with your child. Be prepared for the fact that your child may refuse to tell you about it, but at least the dialogue has begun. Deciding to snoop before talking to your teen shows you don’t trust or respect your child.

What’s more, give your child moderate privacy with friends. You can set rules based on your values, for example, dates are welcome in your home, but any closed doors are not allowed. With friends, be a little more relaxed. You should allow them to enjoy themselves together without getting in too often to interrupt them. If you hear a topic of discussion about you by accident, don’t get in. Instead, pull your teen aside at the appropriate time and share what you heard. This allows your teen to give you the whole picture of what they were discussing.

In just a few years, your teen will be an adult, and this is the time that he is learning how to make appropriate decisions on his own. Give him the privacy to do so, but encourage him to come to you if he wants any guidance.

Theme:Teenagers need  1 

Introduction

● If often spied or snooped on, a teen will  2 some information from you.

● An open environment helps to develop a healthy parent-teen  3 .

● Parents should keep a close eye on kids without  4 them of their independence.

 5 on giving teenagers privacy

● Make your teen have a good sense of what is or isn’t snooping.

● Make it  6 what privacy your teen can have and what you should be told.

● Tell your teen not to keep his private things in the open.

 7 with your teen about the privacy he wants to keep.

● At this time don’t be afraid of being  8 .

●Allow your child to date with his friends at home but  9 them to keep the door closed.

●Avoid getting in immediately if you hear them discuss you; instead, share with your teen what you heard, at the right time.

Conclusion

Give your child the privacy to make decisions  10 , without forgetting to help if necessary.

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